Imagine if you didn’t have an accessible toilet and were forced to go to the bathroom out in the open. You were forced to walk on streets with poop strewn about. According to the World Health Organization, “2.5 billion people worldwide have no adequate toilet.” That’s 40% of the world’s population without an adequate toilet! 1 billion of them are forced to defecate out in the open. The problem lies in the science. Instead of decomposing, like most people imagine human feces doing, poop carries passengers. Rose George, author of the Big Necessity, explains there are, “Fifty communicable diseases like to travel in human waste.” The eggs, the cysts, the bacteria, the viruses, all can travel in one gram of human feces.
With human defecation, it’s easy for people, who often don’t wash their hands and don’t wear shoes, to return home and contaminate their food, environment, and drinking water with the fecal particles that are on their fingers and feet. Lack of toilets has an effect on every aspect of life: health, education, government, safety, and livelihood. It is only when the world begins to recognize the problem that there can be real change.